Dry skin is a result of lack of natural sebum (oil) production. Skin can feel rough and tight due to an unhealthy skin barrier, which means individuals with naturally dry skin need extra care to help stimulate oil production. The goal with this skin type is to use products that stimulate oil production and are occlusive, which helps repair and strengthen the skin's barrier.
Congested skin occurs when a buildup of dead skin cells, sebum (oil), and dirt clog the pores. This can lead to rough, dehydrated skin and uneven texture. The goal with this skin type is to exfoliate, exfoliate, exfoliate. Incorporate a gentle cleanser, then exfoliate your skin two to three times a week using mild AHA/BHAs, or soft beads and granules.